Mods, Punks and Dexy's

e's and whizz In the 1960s teenagers and more specifically mods enjoyed Dexedrine (dexies / dexy's midnight runners), Durophet (blackbombers) and Drinamyl (Purple Hearts after their blue and triangular shape) which combined amphetamine and barbiturate in one pill. Needless to say, society was not pleased by these reckless drug-addled teens, and by 1964 it was illegal to possess or import amphetamines. Manufacturing and prescription, however, were still okay. The Drinamyl Purple Heart was reshaped and renamed French Blues and continued to sell.

Ecstasy Politics

In the UK alone, the total number of people who have tried Ecstasy is estimated at over 5 million. There are some 1.2 million regular Ecstasy users, and an an estimated 400,000 people take E each weekend. This figure has remained constant over several years as older ravers get bored and move on, and young new acolytes rise up to swell the ranks. Through Acid House, Hardcore, Drum 'n Bass, Techno and the current Trance boom, every rebirth of dance music brings new people into nightclubs and into contact with Ecstasy. In America, the rave scene is growing, despite harsh law enforcement, poor quality 'electronica' music and huge amounts of Ecstasy hysteria.

Raves: The Beginning

1987. A point in time when raves did not exist. Soft rock ruled the airwaves. Nobody had considered that a thudding bass drum, four subbass thuds per bar, could constitute a foundation for popular music. Nobody had thought to combine ecstasy with music. But on a small Spanish island called Ibiza, frequented by hordes of hungry young Brits, Ecstasy and music were being combined - with surprising results. It wasn't long before MDMA made it back to the mainland and exploded all across the UK. No other country reacted quite like it. A heady cocktail of greedy promoters, newspaper scare stories and out-of-control authorities all helped to spread ecstasy use across the country like wild-fire.

Ketamine Culture

Compared to the cultural revolutions of LSD and marijuana, Ketamine's social impact has been miniscule. Accordingly, Ketamine's few cultural champions were hardly mainstream icons. They included Marcia Moore, the heiress to the Sheraton Hotel fortune and world famous writer on astrology and 'hypersentience.' Her 1978 book, Journeys Into The Bright World, recounted surreal Ketamine trips into abstract, occult freak-scapes. "If captains of industry, leaders of nations could partake of this love medicine the whole planet might be converted into the Garden Of Eden...At no time did it seem possible that I or anyone else could become a 'ketamine junkie' " Marcia Moore, Journeys Into The Bright World