Drug Test Overview
Drug tests are common in many workplaces as employers seek to determine whether a new potential employee or an existing employee is using or abusing illicit drugs. Drug testing by parents has grown in popularity since the advent of home drug testing kits and the relative affordability of such test kits in recent years. Common Questions
Mods, Punks and Dexy's
e's and whizz In the 1960s teenagers and more specifically mods enjoyed Dexedrine (dexies / dexy's midnight runners), Durophet (blackbombers) and Drinamyl (Purple Hearts after their blue and triangular shape) which combined amphetamine and barbiturate in one pill. Needless to say, society was not pleased by these reckless drug-addled teens, and by 1964 it was illegal to possess or import amphetamines. Manufacturing and prescription, however, were still okay. The Drinamyl Purple Heart was reshaped and renamed French Blues and continued to sell.
In the UK alone, the total number of people who have tried Ecstasy is estimated at over 5 million. There are some 1.2 million regular Ecstasy users, and an an estimated 400,000 people take E each weekend. This figure has remained constant over several years as older ravers get bored and move on, and young new acolytes rise up to swell the ranks. Through Acid House, Hardcore, Drum 'n Bass, Techno and the current Trance boom, every rebirth of dance music brings new people into nightclubs and into contact with Ecstasy. In America, the rave scene is growing, despite harsh law enforcement, poor quality 'electronica' music and huge amounts of Ecstasy hysteria.
Raves: The Beginning
1987. A point in time when raves did not exist. Soft rock ruled the airwaves. Nobody had considered that a thudding bass drum, four subbass thuds per bar, could constitute a foundation for popular music. Nobody had thought to combine ecstasy with music. But on a small Spanish island called Ibiza, frequented by hordes of hungry young Brits, Ecstasy and music were being combined - with surprising results. It wasn't long before MDMA made it back to the mainland and exploded all across the UK. No other country reacted quite like it. A heady cocktail of greedy promoters, newspaper scare stories and out-of-control authorities all helped to spread ecstasy use across the country like wild-fire.
Compared to the cultural revolutions of LSD and marijuana, Ketamine's social impact has been miniscule. Accordingly, Ketamine's few cultural champions were hardly mainstream icons. They included Marcia Moore, the heiress to the Sheraton Hotel fortune and world famous writer on astrology and 'hypersentience.' Her 1978 book, Journeys Into The Bright World, recounted surreal Ketamine trips into abstract, occult freak-scapes. "If captains of industry, leaders of nations could partake of this love medicine the whole planet might be converted into the Garden Of Eden...At no time did it seem possible that I or anyone else could become a 'ketamine junkie' " Marcia Moore, Journeys Into The Bright World
according to the latest research: FACT: Ecstasy use appears to impair memory Specifically: immediate & delayed verbal memory (remembering what someone has just told you), delayed visual recall (the ability to remember images), and short term memory (also known as "working memory"). Overall, Ecstasy users find it more difficult to recall and memorize information than non-E users. These effects have been detected days, weeks, and months afterwards in both light (20 pills in a lifetime), moderate (20-100 pills) and heavy (100+) users.
"Neurotoxicity" is a term used frequently in most studies and reports on Ecstasy. Any substance which makes permanent or temporary changes to the central nervous system, and the brain in particular, is deemed "neurotoxic". Note the word "temporary". Neurotoxic does not automatically imply permanent changes. Nor does it necessarily mean "damage" or adverse effects for the human or animal experiencing it. Neurotoxicity is suspected to be at the root of Ecstasy's memory bending effects, specifically the changes in the brain's serotonin (or '5-HT') system.
We recommend that you do not use Ecstasy. Visit our Ecstasy effects page to learn why. But if you are in the company of individuals using Ecstasy or plan to use yourself, be at least aware of these safety precautions so that your risk of becoming a statistic is lessened. Again, the best choice is not using and avoidance of those who do. use sparingly only take it occasionally, with lengthy gaps (two or three months at least) watch the dosage Never take more than two, less if you have a small build. The more MDMA you take, the more likely you are to suffer from neurotoxic effects and memory impairment.
FACT: It is undeniable that if you take Ecstasy, you are risking memory impairment. While the degree of memory impairment, so far measured, is still within limits considered "normal", there is a growing body of evidence to suggest that even moderate use messes with your head. Whether it does so temporarily or permanently is yet unknown. There will be more, better-designed studies over the next few years that will help you understand the issues clearly. For now, refer to the original studies quoted if you can. Use reputable sources on the Internet to find out facts. You can also bookmark this section, as we will keep it updated with any new information or studies.
There have been over 100 scientific studies examining the effects and side-effects of Ecstasy. Fifteen in particular have studied the effects of MDMA on human memory performance. However, not all studies are equally well-designed, especially when attempting to measure something as insubstantial and as fluctuating as memory performance. So many factors can influence the results - age, sex, education, intelligence, mood, lifestyle, fitness, sleeping pattern, diet, alcohol, drug use, even time of day.
Ecstasy and Memory Study 01
"Impaired cognitive performance in drug free users of recreational ecstasy (MDMA)" Gouzoulis-Mayfrank E, Daumann J, Tuchtenhagen F, Pelz S, Becker S, Kunert H-J, Fimm B, Sass H (2000) J Neurol Neurosurg psychiatry 68: 179-725 read the entire study: pdf | html the subjects Three groups. Matched for age, sex, and education.
Ecstasy and Memory Study 02
"Reduced in vivo binding to the serotonin transporter in the cerebral cortex of MDMA ("ecstasy") users." Semple DM, Ebmeier KP, Glabus MF, O'Carroll RE, Johnstone EC (1999) Br J Psychiatry 175: 63-6 read the entire study here the subjects Ten male users between 18 - 35 with an average lifetime consumption of 672 Ecstasy pills and a minimum of 50, abstinent from E for an average of 18 days. Matched to 10 control subjects, of the same age, sex, education, and drug use (tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and amphetamines) bar ecstasy.
Ecstasy and Memory Links
related sites all MDMA studies to date excellent online resource our ecstasy guide more witty and helpful info ecstasy.org Nicholas Saunders' Ecstasy site
Ecstasy and Memory Sources
primary sources Semple DM, Ebmeier KP, Glabus MF, O'Carroll RE, Johnstone EC (1999) "Reduced in vivo binding to the serotonin transporter in the cerebral cortex of MDMA ("ecstasy") users." Br J Psychiatry 175: 63-6 - online version
Famous Amphetamine Users
Charlie Parker B-bombs (bronchitis inhalers) were the jazz maestro's introduction to drugs Adolf Hitler Couldn't function without daily methylamphetamine injections into his buttocks by his physician, Doctor Morell. Also took cocaine eyedrops. Anthony Eden MP British Prime Minister 'lived on Benzedrine' throughout the 1952 Suez Crisis. Judy Garland Hollywood's favorite drug starlet. Developed an amphetamine addiction after using it to keep her weight down. This soon led to a parallel addiction to barbiturates taken to make sleep possible.
Famous Cocaine Users
Stephen King From 1979-1987, the horror novelist was addicted to cocaine, describing it as his "on switch" and cannot remember a couple of books he wrote during this period. King claims it saved him from alcoholism and an early grave: "without coke I'd have gone on drinking until about the age of 55 and it would have been a couple of lines in the New York Times: 'Writer Stephen King dies of stroke.' Sigmund Freud Wrote effervescently of the "exhilaration and lasting euphoria" and its "stimulative effect on the genitalia". Even penned a (now hard-to-find) essay, 'UberCoca,' extolling its virtues. " Changed his mind about the substance when a patient friend of his died of an overdose.
Famous Ecstasy Users
Shaun Ryder Band Name - Happy Mondays. Single - 'FreakyDancin'. Album - 'Pills, Thrills and Bellyache.' Tattoo - 'Ecstasy Shaun.' Results - conclusive. Legend has it that Shaun and percussionist Bez drove into town with one of the first big batches of Ecstasy filling their car trunk. Alexander Shulgin The research chemist who rediscovered MDMA in 1965. Expanded human scientific knowledge of psychco-actives and their use more than anyone else. Detailed his experiences in the book 'Phikal' (Phenethylamines I Have Known And Loved) Sting Claims that sex and drugs get better after 40. A born-again guru, practicing extreme yoga, tantric sex and ecstasy.
Famous Heroin Users
River Phoenix Owned the Viper Room nightclub with Johnny Depp. Died of an overdose after taking a speedball (heroin and cocaine mix). William Burroughs William Burroughs' novel, Junkie, details his addiction to the drug and the lifestyle he led in pursuit of it. It is, he says, "the ultimate merchandise. No sales talk necessary. The client will crawl through a sewer and beg to buy" King George V Not a user per se, but was euthanized with opiates. In fact, a mixture of opium and cocaine did it for the grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II.
Famous Ketamine Users
Fat Boy Slim (Norman Cook) This chart topping artist has played around with Ketamine. His advice: "'Get the quantity right and it's incredible. Get it wrong and you feel like you're dying.' John Lilley The maverick US scientist injected hourly doses of the drug every day for three weeks. Floating in isolation tanks while on Ketamine, he claimed he could communicate with alien and godlike entities, inspiring the 1980 Ken Russell movie Altered States. Timothy Leary The 1960's US academic who coined the LSD phrase 'Turn on, tune in, drop out' also dabbled with Ketamine. He described his experiences as "experiments in involuntary death".
Famous LSD Users
Jonathan Aitken The disgraced former Conservative MP experienced "visions of hell. Continents dripping with blood. Black men fighting brown men, fighting yellow men." Dr Kary Mullis Nobel Prize Winner for Chemistry in 1993 and inventor of PCR, a method for detecting even the smallest amount of DNA in ancient materials. "Would I have invented PCR if I hadn't taken LSD? I seriously doubt it," he says. "I could sit on a DNA molecule and watch the polymers go by. I learnt that partly on psychedelic drugs."
Famous Mushroom Users
R Gordon Wasson Mycophile and vice-president of international bank JP Morgan journeyed all around Mexico and South America in a quest for magic mushrooms and spent a "wondrous" evening grinning ear to ear, pupils like plates, after ingesting them in an ancient shamanic ritual. He was later disgusted by the mushrooming of his discovery into a full-on 60's summer of love. Professor Albert Hoffman First Hoffman synthesized LSD-25. Then he extracted psilocybin from Mexican mushrooms. He still remained in awe of the fungi's power. "Essentially, when all is said and done, we can only say that the mystery of the wondrous effects of teonanactl was reduced to the mystery of the effects of two crystalline substances."
It Began With The Inhaler
Amphetamines were first synthesized in 1887, but it took the invention of the bronchial inhaler by Smith, Kline and French in 1927 to really kickstart their use. People soon discovered than when soaked in water, coffee or alcohol, the humble inhaler made an intensely powerful brew. This little trick spawned a host of products with "brain" or "pep", cheap and easy pick-me-ups for a population trying to keep up with the rapid industrialization of the Western world. Thus began a relentless commercial exploitation that would last over 50 years.
In 1946, amphetamines were the number one prescribed medicine for 39 different ailments, including seasickness, migraine, impotence, weight-loss and fatigue. Most amphetamine-based cures were available over the counter until 1956, when the UK government, after news of rampant addiction in Japan, made them prescription only. just inhale However, there was one exception: the bronchial inhaler, which is still for sale, not just in chemists but any and every shop. Thousands of users who needed to salve their addictions took to buying the inhalers, as it contained hundreds of times more amphetamine than the pills. Sales skyrocketed.
C Is For Craving
Pharmaceutical giants soon muscled in on the act. By 1900, German giant Merck (who, incidentally, also synthesized MDMA or Ecstasy) was producing over 1.5 tons a year of pure cocaine hydrochloride. Meanwhile, their US competitor, Parke Davis (developers of ketamine and PCP) was marketing its brands as a substance that could "make the coward brave, and the silent eloquent". The flipside of cocaine use, however, was beginning to be noticed. Some users were getting into trouble. Occasional users seemed to be okay, but chronic heavy users were experiencing cocaine addiction, withdrawal symptoms, and psychosis back to top
The Golden Era of Cocaine
the real thing For a substance as illegal as cocaine, it's interesting to note that it also had its so-called "Golden Era". That was when a number of products containing varying amounts of cocaine were sold commercially-and legally. One of the most famous cocaine products was Vin Mariani, the first of many cocaine-based wines. Jules Verne, who wrote Around The World In 80 Days, drank it; Louis Bleriot had a bottle in his cockpit during his strangely-accelerated flight across the English Channel. Bartholidi, the architect responsible for the Statue of Liberty, declared:
Cocaine, Leg Warmers & Drug Wars
If LSD was the 60s and Ecstasy was the 90s, the drug that characterized the 80s was undoubtedly cocaine. The memories and cultural achievements of the decade taste forgot should be enough evidence to stop coke use forever. Here are a few: deedy boppers, Duran Duran, shellsuits, perms, leg warmers, estate agents - the list is endless. Cocaine use hit its peak in the US in 1985 with over 5.7 million users (nearly 3% of the population) using cocaine at least "once every month".
Before the West came to South America, the coca bush was highly revered by its indigenous population as a "divine plant". The Incas used its leaves as currency. The Peruvians chewed them as fuel for high altitude treks and measured their journeys in "cicadas" - the time between doses of coca. In the 16th century, the Spaniards came and tried to eradicate its unholy use. They, however, learned their native slaves wouldn't work without it. It took until the mid-19th century for the industrialized West to get a taste of Peru's 4,000-year-old secret, as German pediatrician Albert Niemann extracted cocaine hydrochloride from coca leaves in 1860.
the first nibble Before smileys, glow sticks and Mitsubishis, before raves and techno, Ecstasy had a lengthy, respected, and legal career as a psychotherapeutic drug. MDMA had been chanced upon by the German pharmaceutical company Merck in 1912 (they also extracted cocaine from coca leaves around the same time). It was patented but since it had no obvious use it soon disappeared off the radar. Contrary to rumors, it was not developed as a diet pill. healing the mind In 1965, the American biochemist Alexander Shulgin rediscovered Ecstasy while searching for psychotherapeutic drugs.
Heroin, like cocaine, tobacco and most illegal recreational drugs, began life as a 'wonder cure'. In 1900, the German pharmaceutical company Bayer came up with the brand name, Heroin, after heroisch, a German word for something with a pronounced effect even in small doses. It was used enthusiastically all over the world to treat respiratory diseases and even to combat morphine addiction, despite being twice as habit-forming itself. addictive Gradually however people began to notice heroin wasn't quite so wonderful. Patients tended to become highly addicted very quickly with pronounced withdrawal symptoms if the drug was taken away.
Before heroin, there was opium, which is almost as old as civilization itself. As early as 1600BC, the Egyptians were using opium to calm crying infants. Over 2000 years later, the Victorians invented Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup, an opiate-laden elixir which ensured that children remained seen but not heard. Ancient civilizations were well aware of opium's habit-forming qualities but it took a long time for Western medicine to learn from the ancestors. The Chinese suffered the most. When Portuguese traders sold pipes and tobacco from South America alongside opium from the Middle East, 18th century Chinese society got into opium-smoking in a big way, in plague-sized proportions.
Where Does Ketamine Come From?
Like LSD, MDMA (Ecstasy) and its close chemical cousin PCP, Ketamine is a product of twentieth century pharmacy, and to this day a healthy revenue source for 'big medicine'. Ketamine was discovered in 1961 by Dr. Cal Stevens of Wayne State University. The pharmaceutical giant Parke-Davis (now Pfizer) funded its development as an alternative anesthetic to Phencyclidine or PCP. angel dust Now no longer made, PCP (or 'Angel Dust') gained a bad reputation thanks to its unpredictable and frightening side-effects, such as psychotic aggression. Smoking PCP got James Brown in hot water, as he was caught speeding and waving a gun around in South Carolina.
The discovery of LSD was pretty much an accident, and it happened on Friday, April 16, 1943, in Basle, Switzerland. For eight years, chemist Prof Albert Hofmann had been methodically synthesizing new molecules from ergot, a fungus which grows on diseased rye. Ergot had an intriguing contradictory reputation. On the one hand, it was highly-regarded in folk medicine for speeding up the contractions during childbirth. On the other, it was the cause of St. Anthony's Fire, a horrific scourge that had blighted entire Medieval villages with gangrene, madness and death when it infected their grain stores. back to top
the miracle cure In the 1950s drug therapy was in its infancy. There was no Prozac, no anti-depressants, no anti-psychotic drugs. But then came LSD, a drug that appeared to open up emotions, dissolve defenses, and make available much of the unconscious. It could cure alcoholics and cure mental illness. It was cheap and easy to make. It looked like another "miracle cure". Sandoz, keen to make a profit from Prof. Hoffman's bizarre discovery, trade-named Delysid and began sending samples out to psychiatric researchers. back to top
The Banker & The Mushroom Gods
the mushroom gods Psychedelic mushrooms have been around as long as humanity. The Incas called them teonanactl or 'flesh of the gods'. The Aztecs considered them divine and referred to a trip as "the flowery dream". Prehistoric Saharan tribes painted mushroom-headed figures on cave walls. Siberian shamans fed their reindeer fly agaric mushrooms and then drank their urine to journey to the spirit world. They would also drink each other's urine, and the mushroom could be passed through the bodies of half a dozen people before their potency was lost.
Tune in, Drop Acid, And Get Arrested
After their discovery in 1955, magic mushrooms remained the domain of middle-class botanists and adventurers who hightailed it to Mexico to follow R. Gordon Wasson's trail Meanwhile, Swiss biochemist Albert Hoffman, the creator of LSD, was studying the mushrooms in his lab and was soon to isolate the stable active ingredient, psilocybin. By 1958, his company, Sandoz, was sending out little pink pills of psilocybin to curious psychologists and therapists all over the world. the high priest One such package arrived on the doorstep of Harvard psychology professor Timothy Leary.
Heroin Is Harmless
At a hearing to determine the future of heroin on April 3rd 1924, a congressional committee heard evidence from many expert witnesses. The US surgeon general of the time, Rupert Blue, declared heroin "poisonous" and said it caused insanity. Dana Hubbard of the New York City health department concluded: "Heroin addicts spring from sin and crime...Society in general must protect itself from the influence of evil, and there is no greater peril than heroin" Unsurprisingly, the US banned heroin on the spot. Shortly afterwards they embarked on a worldwide campaign to eradicate this evil. Thus began the "War On Drugs". Problem was, nothing said at the hearing was true.
The Big Hurt
If you want to know what withdrawal is like, read this disturbing scene in Seth Morgan's novel, Homeboy, in which his incarcerated hero suffers extreme bowel activity after months of heroin-provoked constipation: "Then the Big Hurt pushed aside all thinking and Joe could only lie hugging his cramped middle and suffer the agony that gnawed on itself, metastasised, grew like a cold malignant fetus in him. A reeking viscous sweat like cold bacon drippings filled him. The jailhouse stinks... dizzied him with nausea. "Orgasm after electric hairtrigger orgasm convulsed his groin. His entire being became the shortcircuiting terminus of a billion scraped and shrieking nerves.
out of your mind It did take too long before people began to notice Ketamine's unusual side effects. A significant number of patients treated with the anesthetic began to report vivid out-of-body experiences. There were tales of fantastical interactions with divine forces and full-on psychedelic weirdness. These powerful, dream-like insights occurred as patients were regaining consciousness and were consequently termed 'emergent states'. Doctors began adding a tranquilizer to Ketamine injections to block out the effect, but less scrupulous doctors, dentists, vets and academics were leading the way in experimenting with Ketamine at sub-knockout doses.
where you stand - officially and unofficially by Paul Almond
Your Rights in Clubs
Clubs have the right to search anyone entering their premises, and must provide searchers of both sexes. They can refuse entry to anyone who refuses a search and can only insist on searching outside clothes, pockets and bags. your rights They must conduct the search in a decent manner and with respect to the individual. They cannot insist on a more intimate search without your permission. Legally, they can only conduct strip- searches and search inside clothes with your permission in private with an independent witness. bouncers If a bouncer searches inside your clothes or performs a strip search without your permission they may be charged with assault.
Your Rights With Police
You can be stopped and searched if the police have a reasonable suspicion that you are in possession of controlled drugs. Police can stop and question people whenever they wish. They are supposed to ask questions in order to decide whether or not grounds for a search exist. If you are stopped, ask why and, at the end, ask for a record of the search. If you give a satisfactory explanation for "suspicious" behavior that should, according to police codes of practice, make a search unnecessary. your rights on arrest you have the right:
Avoid Bad Trips
A bad trip occurs when the pleasurable effects of a drug turn into a nasty, paranoid, and horrible experience Bad trips happen for a reason, usually one of the following: adverse environment influences noise, strangers etc preying on the vulnerable, tripping mind attempts to mentally resist the effect of the drug because you are scared or can't relax the surfacing of difficult and uncomfortable unconscious material or memories the amplification of issues or problems between tripping people a larger dose than you have experienced before Even experienced users can have bad trips, although experience makes you less vulnerable.
Safe Dancing Tips
We recommend that you do not use Ecstasy. Visit our Ecstasy effects page to learn why. But if you are in the company of individuals using Ecstasy or other club drugs, or plan to use yourself, be at least aware of these safety precautions so that your risk of becoming a statistic is lessened. Again, the best choice is not using and avoidance of those who do. drink water The recommended amount of water to drink is 500ml for every hour of dancing. Remember: sip, don't gulp. Do not drink too much water. drink fruit juices They are more efficient in replacing lost nutrients. Avoid fizzy drinks as they can cause nausea.
If you're having a drug overdose or similar emergency you should call 911 or your local emergency number immediately. Don't risk your health or life if you're in trouble, call now. Below you'll find a list of resource links and phone numbers for help with a drug emergency situation. The National Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222) can be called from anywhere in the United States.
Cannabis is the more technical name for a very common drug called marijuana. It is grown both indoors and outdoors and is one of the most extensively used drugs in the U.S. and throughout the world. And though there are numerous attempts going on to legalize it-and there are some medicinal uses already permitted-cannabis can be abused just like any other drug. But before we dive into the effects this substance has on the body, let's first define it.
Types of Antidepressants
Antidepressants are often glossed over in drug reference books and websites because they are typically thought of as substances that can't be abused. They aren't addictive, so it's just not possible to abuse them. Or, so goes the common way of thinking. But this is just not true. Prescription drug abuse has escalated to the highest levels ever in recent years. Before we get into the effects of antidepressants on the body, let's first define what they are. What Are Antidepressants?
Types of Barbiturates
When people think of drugs of abuse, they often assume we're talking about the illegal variety. However, that's just not the case. Many prescription drugs can be abused as well and that is especially the case with barbiturates. Whether you take a medication containing a barbiturate by prescription or illegally---without a prescription, it's important that you know the facts about these depressants for your own information and safety.
Types of Depressants
Depressants are a type of drug that can take several forms; however, the most common type is administered by prescription. Many people are prescribed depressant drugs which have beneficial effects but wind up dependant on them or addicted. Depressant drugs can put your health and wellbeing at serious risk. Following is information on what exactly these drugs are and how they affect the body.
Types of Hallucinogens
Many people have heard of the types of drugs that fall within the hallucinogenic category, but might not be sure exactly what they are or their effects. Certainly, some hallucinations are involved, but other than that, people are often not too sure about why they are used and what draws users to them. What follows are several key pieces of information on this drug type and how it affects physical, emotional and mental wellbeing. What Are Hallucinogens? To be general, hallucinogens are psychoactive drugs that produce altered perceptions or ways of thinking and feeling when taken. To be specific, hallucinogens can be broken down into three types including dissociatives, psychedelics and deliriants.
Types of Inhalants
When most people think of drugs, they conjure up images of heroin needles, crack pipes and marijuana joints. They think of people snorting cocaine and popping pills. Rarely does the image cross their minds, however, of people inhaling the fumes from common household products. However, that is exactly what inhalant abuse looks like.
Types of Steroids
Anabolic steroids are a type of drug that is discussed in the media quite often, especially as they pertain to athletes. Typically described as "performance-enhancing drugs," steroids can help sports players improve their game, but to serious detrimental effect on the body. Quite simply, they are dangerous. But before we discuss how steroids affect the body, let us first talk about what they are.
Bad Trip on Weed
Most users will deny there is any possible bad side effects from smoking weed. They may enjoy its euphoric high for many years, not experiencing anything other than feeling “mellow.”
Bad Trip on Acid
In the 1960s, LSD became a popular drug for recreational use and was legal in in the U.S. until October 1968, when it then became a controlled substance. Bad acid trips usually include thoughts of dying, intense paranoia and ideation of superhuman powers, such as flying or flotation. While wildly exaggerated during the popular use of LSD in the late 1960s and 1970s, actual bad trips are proven to be less than 1 in 1000. What Causes Bad Acid Trips?
Bad Trip on Shrooms
"Tripping" is a term used when having psychedelic experiences, primarily induced by psychotropic drugs. Favored because they are natural and easily found and grown, mushrooms have been popular for thousands of years. Furthermore, religious ceremonies and rites are often accompanied by use of “magic mushrooms.” What Causes a Bad Shroom Trip? There are a few reasons why people may have a bad trip on mushrooms. Most often, they start out in a depressed state or negative frame of mind and this becomes exacerbated by psilocybin, the active ingredient in shrooms.
Bad Trip on Spice
Spice, commonly referred to as "synthetic marijuana," is an unregulated substance that is subject to side effects that can be unpredictable and deadly. First-time users, as well as those who have had long time experience, suddenly find their next trip to be their worst nightmare. A "good" trip on spice includes a feeling of floating and hallucinations. What a Bad Spice Trip Feels Like
Medical Marijuana in California
Marijuana has been decriminalized in California since 1975, when Senate Bill 95 passed, making possession of less than 28.5 grams punishable by a $100 fine only. If the person in possession of this quantity of pot is under 18 years of age, the charge is a misdemeanor and sentencing is for 10 days in jail a fine of $250. If this amount is found in possession of an adult (18 and over) on school grounds while school is open, the sentence will be 10 days in jail and a $500 fine.
Prescription Drug Users
Rush Limbaugh Rush Limbaugh, famous for being an outspoken, conservative radio talk show host and a brash political commentator, has worked as a disc jockey since he was 16 years old and his The Rush Limbaugh Show which is the highest-rated talk-radio program in the United States. Although Limbaugh likes to throw around his “holier than thou” attitude he isn’t really that holy; he was found in 2003 to be under investigation for illegally obtaining the prescription drugs oxycodone and hydrocodone which are strong pain killers. Limbaugh claims that his addiction stems from severe back pain which was increased by a botched surgery which was supposed to correct these problems.
Maya Angelou Maya Angelou, born Marguerite Ann Johnson, is an American author and poet. She is especially known for her series of autobiographies, such as I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. What Angelou is not known for is her pot usage. However, in a few of her autobiographies, Angelou admits to indulging in marijuana from time to time. Lewis Armstrong
Jodie Sweetin Most popularly known as Stephanie Tanner from the sitcom Full House, Jodie Lee Ann Sweetin is a recovering drug addict who will still spend time in rehab as more of constant recovery program to keep her sober. In her memoir, unSweetined, she tells of her downfall into a life of alcohol and drug abuse. She claims that she began using methamphetamine after Full House ended, the main reason stemming from boredom. In 2004, the cast of Full House all came together and were able to convince Sweetin to get clean. Craig Robinson
Types of Narcotics
Whether they are pharmaceutically produced or made in home laboratories, narcotics are drugs produced from a base of opium. Often called "opiate drugs" in order to differentiate them from other classes of drugs, they are the same things. Opiate drugs are also called opioids. This term has come into use because many people believe the term narcotic is interchangeable with drug. For this reason, it is important to begin the discussion with a definition of the term "narcotics." Its origin began when a Greek physician used the Greek word narcosis to describe all drugs that made people sleep, dulled the senses, or numbed and treated pain.