Special K Legality in the US
Under the U.S. Controlled Substances Act, K is a Schedule III drug. Substances given this designation:
- Potential for abuse, but it is less than for drugs that are ranked as Schedule I or II.
- Has an acccepted medical use as a treatment within the United States.
- Abuse of the substance or drug may result in low to moderate physical dependence or a high psychological dependence.
Schedule III drugs, such as ketamine, may be dispensed through an oral or written prescription. The prescription must be filled within six months of the date it was issued. The physician who wrote the prescription cannot order more than five refills of the medication. A patient who is being treated with a Schedule III drug will need to see his or her physician before being allowed to obtain any more of the drug.
When ketamine is distributed by prescription, the bottle must be labeled clearly. A warming must be placed on it clearly stating that it is a crime to distribute the drug to anyone other than the person named on the prescription label.
An individual convicted of the crime of possessing Vitamin K or any other Schedule III is subject to the following sentence:
- Imprisonment for a period of up to five years and/or,
- A fine of up to $250,000 for an individual or up to $1 million where the defendant is other than an individual.
Vitamin K Legality in the United Kingdom
As of January 1, 2006, ketamine was declared a Class C controlled substance under the Misuse of Drugs Act. As such, a person who possesses or attempts to distribute it without legal authority to do so is committing a criminal offense. Since drugs like ketamine may be used for scientific purposes, it can be produced, supplied and possessed for specific purposes. The British Home Office determines who is legally able to possess, work with, and distribute drugs in this class.
The penalties outlined under the Act are as follows:
- Possession of a Class C drug is punishable by a jail term of 2 years and/or a fine of any amount the judge in the case considers appropriate.
- Supplying a drug like K is a more serious offense under UK law, and the penalty on conviction for this offense is 14 years in prison and/or a fine, the amount of which is determined by the judge.
Cat Valium and Legality in Canada
Ketamine is a Schedule I drug under the provisions of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. This designation puts it in the same category as morphine, codeine and cocaine.
Possession of Vitamin K is a crime, as is seeking to obtain the drug from a physician without disclosing whether the individual had received it from another source within the previous 30 days. The punishment on conviction is as follows:
- If the charge is dealt with as a summary matter, the penalty for a first offense is a fine of up to $1,000 or six months in jail, or both.
- A subsequent conviction treated in the same way means a penalty of up to $2,000 or up to one year behind bars, or both.
- In a case where the charge is being handled as an indictable offense, a judge can impose a sentence of up to seven years in prison.
In a case where an individual is being charged with possession with intent to distribute, the Crown prosecutor doesn't have to prove that the accused actually sold any drugs. Instead, the case is built on the following pieces of evidence:
- Amount of drugs seized.
- Their value.
- The amount of cash recovered.
- Denominations of the bills seized.
- Any statement the individual made when arrested.
The police will gather evidence to show whether the accused is known to have relationships with known drug traffickers. Any unexplained wealth will be introduced into evidence.